Resources for Teachers and Students
For the week of Jun. 23, 2019
Wilma Rudolph (1940-1994): African American. Athlete. Although Wilma Rudolph spent her childhood wearing a leg brace to support a lame leg, she overcame her handicap and became a champion sprinter, eventually setting a world record in the 200-dash. In the 1960 Olympics she was the most successful competitor in track and field events, as the individual winner of the 100- and 200-meter dashes and a member of the winning team in the 4x100-meter relay.
National Day: Luxembourg. Also celebrated as the Kingis birthday, this day commemorates Luxembourgis gaining independence from Belgium and the Netherlands in 1848.
Battle of Little Bighorn (1876): American Indian. On this date at Little Bighorn River, General George A. Custer was killed and his command annihilated by combined forces of Sioux and Cheyenne Indians. The determined resistance of the nomadic Plains tribes in the protection of their hunting grounds and way of life earned them a number of military victories before they were defeated by the stronger U.S. government forces.
Helen Keller (18-11968): American. Author and educator. Left deaf and blind by illness at the age of 19 months, Helen Keller learned to speak and then to read and write Braille with the help of her remarkable teacher, Annie Sullivan. After graduating cum laude from Radcliffe College in 1904, she devoted her life to writing and social activism, particularly in aid of people with one or both of her disabilities. She traveled throughout the world, spoke out on public issues, and wrote numerous books, including iThe Story of My Life (1902) and Helen Kelleris Journal (1938). Her Extraordinary achievements made her an international heroine and an inspiration to millions.
Stonewall Rebellion (1969): Gay/Lesbian. In the early morning of this day, New York City police entered a gay bar on Christopher Street in Greenwich Village and began harassing and taunting the patrons with anti-gay comments. The patrons fought back in a protest that lasted for the next three days. For Many gays and lesbians, this protest marks the first organized effort in the United States by gays and lesbians to openly gain equality under the law.
Stokely Carmichael (1941-1998): African American. Civil rights leader. Known later in his life as Kwame Ture, Stokely Carmichael was a charismatic civil rights leader. A graduate of the Bronx High School of Science and Howard University, Carmichael became chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in 1966, a committee that had two years earlier sent volunteers to the South to teach, set up clinics, and register Black Southerners to vote. Carmichael originated the term iBlack Poweri in a speech in 1966 that called for a more militant approach to the civil rights movement. Becoming more militant and radicalized, Carmichael resigned from SNCC and became prime minister of the Black Panther Party in 1968. The following year Carmichael moved to Guinea, West Africa, where he spent the latter part of his life as an advocate for a unified, socialist Africa.
Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993): Civil rights leader and Supreme Court justice. As head of the legal services division of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People from 1938 to 1962, Thurgood Marshall led the legal effort to advance the civil rights of all Americans, particularly those belonging to minority groups. His most famous victory was the 1954 Supreme Court decision ending racial segregation in public schools. He continued to work for civil rights and equal opportunity as a judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals, second circuit (1962-1965), Solicitor General of the United States (1965-1967), and finally as the first African American associate justice of the Supreme Court, where he served from 1967 to 1991.
McCarran-Walter Act (1952): United States. This U.S. immigration act, passed during the Korean War over President Trumanis veto, generally reaffirmed earlier, restrictive immigration policies but removed the ban against naturalization of Asian and Pacific immigrants. This provision was greeted with jubilation by Japanese-born residents of the United States, who had been barred under previous laws from seeking citizenship. Another provision of the law, however, empowered the Attorney General to deport immigrants for Communist sympathies even if they had become citizens. This provision led to wide-spread investigations and deportations of Chinese residents.
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