March 17 in History

This Day in History provided by The Free Dictionary

 Today's birthday

Today's Birthday provided by The Free Dictionary

For the week of Mar. 11, 2018

Sun Yat-senis Death (1866-1925): Peoples Republic of China. Revolutionary leader. Sun Yat-sen was the leader of Chinais 1911 revolution, which overthrew the Chiing Dynasty that had ruled China since 1644, and founder of the Republic of China. He is remembered on the anniversary of his death in 1925 in the People's Republic of China.

Albert Einstein (1879-1955): Jewish German American. Physicist. The leading theoretical physicist of the twentieth century, Einstein received the Nobel Prize for physics in 1921. When the Nazi government confiscated his property and deprived him of his German citizenship in 1933. Einstein immigrated to the United States, where he became a naturalized citizen and took a post at the Institute for Advanced Study in *Princeton, New Jersey. *

Eusebio Francisco Kino (1645-1711): Italian. Jesuit missionary and explorer. Kino is noted for his success in making converts among the Pima Indians while respecting their customs, and for the historical value of his letters, journals, and maps. From 1687 to the end of his life he worked in Pimeria Alta (now southern Arizona and northern Sonora in Mexico), where he founded a number of missions and introduced the Indians to cattle and to new crops. This day is the anniversary of his death.

First publication of Freedomis Journal (1827): African American. On this date Samuel E. Cornish and John B. Russwurm began publication of the first African American newspaper. The first edition of Freedom's Journal was devoted entirely to issues of slavery and discrimination.

Bayard Rustin (1912-1987): African American. Civil rights activist and pacifist. Rustin worked from 19141 to 1953 for the Fellowship of Reconciliation, a group seeking peaceful solutions to world problems; served as executive director of the War Resisters League from 1953 to 1955; and worked for the next five years with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. One of the chief organizers of the 1963 March on Washington for civil rights, Rustin also traveled to Africa, Europe, and Asia to support local protest movements for social justice.

St. Patrickis Day: Ireland. Tradition holds that Irelandis patron saint died on this date in A.D. 493 at the age of 106. The anniversary of his death is celebrated in Ireland as a national holiday, with green, the color of the day signifying undying gratitude to the memory of St. Patrick, who brought Christianity to Ireland. The shamrock is worn to commemorate its use by the saint as a symbol of the Trinity. St. Patrickis Day is celebrated by people of Irish decent all over the world as an expression of pride in their heritage.